0.1 gram of methane was completely burnt in a bomb calorimeter containing 100ml of water. If the temperature increased by 11.82°C find the heat of combustion(energy released per mole)of methane.

The energy absorbed
by the water is given by the expression below

Energy = heat capacity X temperature
rise X mass of water

4.94KJ = 4.18J/g/°C X
11.82°C X 100

moles of methane = 0.1/16 = 0.00625mole

4.94 / 0.00625 = 790.4KJ/mole

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A brand of RAZMAN'S jelly beans was analysed for its energy content. A jelly bean of mass 1.5g was burnt completey in a bomb calorimeter containing 100ml of water. If the temperature rose from 21.56°C to 24.5°C calculate the energy content per gram of the jelly bean.

The energy absorbed
by the water is given by the expression below

Energy = heat capacity X temperature
rise X mass of water

1.23KJ = 4.18J/g/°C X
2.94°C X 100g

1.23/1.5 = 0.819KJ/g

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0.1 gram of carbon was burnt in a
bomb calorimeter containing 200ml of water. If the temperature of the water
increased by 3.92°C calculate the energy given off, during combustion, per
mole of carbon.

The energy absorbed
by the water is given by the expression below

Energy = heat capacity X temperature
rise X mass of water

3277.12J = 4.18J/g/°C
X 3.92°C X 200

Mole of carbon = 0.1 / 12 =0.0083

Energy per mole = 3277.12J / 0.0083 =394,819J/mole

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A 2.6 gram sample of sugar was burnt in a bomb calorimeter containing 100ml of water. The temperature of the water increased from 22.0°C to 24.3°C.

a)Calculate the amount of energy that was released in the burning of the sugar.

The energy absorbed
by the water is given by the expression below

Energy = heat capacity X temperature
rise X mass of water

961.4J = 4.18J/g/°C X
2.3°C X 100

b) Calculate the mole and the mass of sugar present.

Assuming all the energy released is absorbed by the water,every
mole of sugar burnt must release 2803KJ of energy. The amount of sugar present
in mole is given by the expression below

0.9614KJ/2803KJ = 0.00034mole

Mass of sugar = 0.00034 X 180 = 0.0612 grams

c) Assuming no other combustible material is present calculate the percent, by mass, of sugar in the sample.

(0.0612 / 2.6 ) X 100 = 2.35%

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Specific heat capacity exercises |

A brand of RAZMAN'S jelly
beans was analysed for its energy content. A jelly bean of mass 1.5g
was burnt completey in a bomb calorimeter containing 100ml of water.
If the temperature rose from 21.56°C to 24.5°C calculate the
energy content per gram of the jelly bean. 0.100
gram of methane was completely burnt in a bomb calorimeter containing
100ml of water. If the temperature increased by 11.82°C
find the heat of combustion(energy
released per mole)of methane. (C=12.0,H=1.0) 0.100 gram of
carbon was burnt in a bomb calorimeter containing 200ml of water. If
the temperature of the water increased by 3.92°C calculate the energy
given off, during combustion, per mole of carbon. Sugar burns in oxygen according to the equation below. The equation
states that for every mole of sugar burnt 2803KJ of energy are released.
A 2.6 gram sample of impure sugar was burnt in a bomb calorimeter containing
100ml of water. The temperature of the water increased from 22.0°C
to 24.3°C. b) Calculate
the mole and the mass of sugar present. c) Assuming no other combustible material is present calculate the percent, by mass, of sugar in the sample. (C=12.0,O=16.0,H=1.0) |